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Sean D. Reyes
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Federal & state leaders bring down Utah Ponzi scheme

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Utah Department of Commerce, Division of Securities released the following after charging a Salt Lake City precious metals dealer for allegedly defrauding over 200 individuals in a Ponzi scheme.  A special thank you to Assistant AGs Robert Wing, Tom Melton, Jennifer Korb, and Paula Faerber for their hard work and commitment on this case as they serve our partners, clients, and the people of Utah.

November 16, 2018


CFTC and State of Utah Charge Salt Lake City Precious Metals Dealer and His Company with Engaging in $170 Million Precious Metals Ponzi Scheme

Washington, DC — The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and the Utah Department of Commerce, Division of Securities, through its Attorney General, jointly filed a civil enforcement action in the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah, Central Division, against Defendants Gaylen Dean Rust (Rust) and Rust Rare Coin, Inc. (RRC) of Layton, Utah and Salt Lake City, Utah, respectively.  The Complaint charges Rust and his company RRC  with defrauding at least 200 individuals — from Utah and at least 16 other states — and fraudulently obtaining more than  $170 million from investors since May 2013 in a precious metals Ponzi scheme. 

According to the complaint, the Defendants’ fraud, as alleged, is ongoing.  In the first eight months of 2018, the Defendants received at least $42 million from investors in a pool that purportedly bought and sold silver.   The Defendants also attempted to solicit new investors in this pool at least as recently as October 8, 2018, as alleged in the Complaint.   

Court Freezes Defendants’ Assets and Appoints a Temporary Receiver
On November 15, 2018, the Honorable Tena Campbell, U.S. District Court Judge for the District of Utah, entered a restraining order freezing the assets of the Defendants and the Relief Defendants and permitting the CFTC and the State of Utah to inspect all relevant records of the Defendants and the Relief Defendants.  The Court also appointed Jonathan O. Hafen as a temporary receiver to take control of RRC and the corporate Relief Defendants, as well as the assets of Rust and the individual Relief Defendants.  

CFTC Director of Enforcement Comments
Director of Enforcement James McDonald commented, “As alleged, for at least a decade, the Defendants defrauded their friends, customers, and business associates out of more than $170 million. The Defendants allegedly concealed their fraud with false account statements and Ponzi payments; however, their scheme was brought to light through the combined efforts of the CFTC and our law enforcement partners.  This is yet another example of the CFTC’s commitment to coordinate with our law enforcement partners both to protect our markets from fraud and to ensure that wrongdoers are held accountable.  I’m grateful to the Utah Department of Commerce, Division of Securities and Utah’s Attorney General and their staffs for their assistance in this matter.

Defendants’ Deceptive and Fraudulent Precious Metals Scheme
According to the Complaint, from at least as early as 2008 and continuing through the present, the Defendants tricked investors into believing that the Defendants were pooling investor money for the purpose of entering into contracts of sale for silver, a commodity in interstate commerce (Silver Pool).  As alleged, the Defendants told investors and prospective investors that they would sell silver held in the pool as market prices rose and buy silver for the pool as market prices fell; thereby increasing the amount of silver held in the Silver Pool, as well as the value of each investor’s share in that pool.

 As alleged in the Complaint, the Silver Pool was a sham. The Defendants falsely told investors and prospective investors in the Silver Pool that by trading silver in this manner, they generated extraordinarily high profits, averaging 20 to 25 percent per year and sometimes as high as 40 percent per year or more. The Defendants provided investors with false account statements that showed every trade made by the Defendants as being profitable.  The Defendants also told investors that the Silver Pool possessed approximately $77 to $80 million  of silver, which was stored at Brink’s, Incorporated (Brink’s) depositories in Salt Lake City, Utah and/or Los Angeles, California, even though the Defendants never purchased and stored anything approaching that amount at Brink’s. 

According to the Complaint, the Defendants did not use contributions from investors to purchase silver for the Silver Pool.  Instead, the Defendants misappropriated investor funds and used these funds to make payments to other investors in the manner of a Ponzi scheme, transfer money to other companies owned by Rust, and pay personal expenses. 

In their continuing litigation against the Defendants, the CFTC and the State of Utah seek disgorgement of ill-gotten gains, civil monetary penalties, restitution, permanent registration and trading bans, and a permanent injunction against further violations of the Commodity Exchange Act, CFTC Regulations, and Utah securities laws, as charged.

The CFTC acknowledges and appreciates the cooperation and assistance of the Utah Department of Commerce, Division of Securities; the Utah Attorney General’s Office; the Federal Bureau of Investigation; the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Utah; and the Securities and Exchange Commission, Salt Lake City Regional Office.  

CFTC Division of Enforcement staff members responsible for this action are Jenny Chapin, Stephen Turley, Thomas Simek, Joyce Brandt, Christopher Reed, and Charles Marvine.

CFTC’s Precious Metals Customer Fraud Advisory
The CFTC has issued several customer protection Fraud Advisories that provide the warning signs of fraud, including the Precious Metals Fraud Advisory, which alerts customers to precious metals fraud and lists simple ways to spot precious metals scams.

Customers can report suspicious activities or information, such as possible violations of commodity trading laws, to the CFTC Division of Enforcement via a Toll-Free Hotline 866-FON-CFTC (866-366-2382) or file a tip or complaint online. 

Photo by Pepi Stojanovski

Utah Federal, State, and Local Government Officials Join Forces to Educate Investors on How to Avoid Fraud


Public Seminars to be Held in Salt Lake City and Utah County

SALT LAKE CITY  April 5, 2017 – In a new, collaborative effort, Utah federal, state and local government officials established the Financial Fraud Institute and will hold two separate multi-agency seminars designed to educate Utah investors and consumers on how to recognize and avoid financial and consumer fraud, announced U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Regional Director Richard R. Best and U.S. Attorney for the District of Utah John W. Huber.  The free seminars are open to the public and will be held in Salt Lake City on April 26 and in Utah County on May 10.  Follow us on Twitter at #StopFraudUtah.

Officials from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Utah Attorney General’s Office, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), Utah Division of Securities, U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Utah Division of Consumer Protection, FBI, IRS and Salt Lake/Utah County Attorneys offices will participate in the seminars. Utah Attorney General Sean Reyes will be the keynote speaker at the April seminar and Chief Magistrate Judge Paul M. Warner of the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah will be the keynote speaker at the May seminar. These are the first in a series of seminars to be held by representatives of the Financial Fraud Institute.

The seminars will provide information on:  key questions to ask before making investment decisions; where to find free and unbiased information; how to spot financial scams; and how to report suspected fraud. 

WHO:      National and local experts from federal and state law enforcement and financial regulatory agencies

WHAT:    Financial Fraud Institute Seminars to educate investors and consumers on how to recognize and avoid fraud.

Salt Lake City

WHEN:                      April 26 in Salt Lake City

                                    5:00 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. See full agenda

WHERE:                   University of Utah

S.J. Quinney College of Law Auditorium

                                    383 S. University St.

                                    Salt Lake City, UT 84112

                                    Free parking at the University of Utah Stadium

Utah County

WHEN:                      May 10 in Utah County

                                    5:00 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. See full agenda

WHERE:                   Utah Valley University

                                    Classroom Building Rooms 101B and 101C

                                    800 W. University Parkway

                                    Orem, UT 84058

Those interested in attending the seminars must register at: Salt Lake City and Utah County, or call 801-579-6191. For more information, visit

The seminars are open to the press.  Press interested in attending the events should contact Melodie Rydalch of the Utah U.S. Attorney’s Office on 801-243-6475 or


Utah County FFI flyer

Utah Attorney General's Office

Judge Sentences Logan Woman to Consecutive Prison Sentences for Securities Fraud

SALT LAKE CITY May 24, 2016 — The Mortgage and Financial Fraud Unit of the Utah Attorney General’s Office (OAG) announced today the sentencing of Lori Ann Anderson, 54, of Logan, Utah, to consecutive terms of imprisonment by Judge Thomas Willmore of the First District Court in Logan. Anderson, who in 1992 spent time in prison for defrauding insurance-policy holders of $140,000, had previously pleaded guilty to two counts of Securities Fraud and one count of Pattern of Unlawful Activity, all Second Degree Felonies, on January 23, 2016.

“Tragically, this case demonstrates how easy it is for any of us to fall victim to fraudsters with promises of high returns.  Before investing, even with family and friends, I urge Utahns to check the White Collar Crime Offender Registry, to call the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Utah Department of Commerce,” said Attorney General Sean Reyes. “We are grateful for the close partnership we enjoy with the FBI and the Utah Division of Securities  that has helped us to bring Anderson, and others, to justice.”

“The FBI and its law enforcement partners are committed to investigating those who intentionally mislead and take advantage of people’s trust for financial gain,” said FBI Salt Lake City Special Agent in Charge Eric Barnhart.  “Anderson’s crime is especially egregious as she has been previously convicted of fraud and she continued to prey on neighbors and friends.  Today’s sentencing means she will be held accountable for her actions.  The FBI encourages the public to do their due diligence before investing their hard-earned money and to report any suspected fraud.”

“Lori Anderson’s case is a grim repeat performance – deluding unsuspecting victims into handing over their trust and money in a church environment.  Affinity fraud continues to be the most damaging white collar crime where fraudsters not only steal the nest eggs of Utah victims but destroy their trusting nature as well,” said Keith Woodwell, Director of the Utah Division of Securities, “We are grateful for the steadfast partnership with the FBI and Utah Attorneys General Office in bringing these criminals to justice.”

The sentencing is the culmination of a joint investigation with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Utah Division of Securities of the Utah Department of Commerce and prosecution by the OAG. The investigation discovered that 46 people had lost over $1.7 million as a result of Anderson’s actions. More than ten victims, some in tears, addressed the court at the sentencing hearing, expressing betrayal at Anderson’s deceit. Anderson will serve a total of two to 30 years in prison, depending on the recommendations of the Board of Pardon and Paroles.

Anderson had formed a trading club named S.M.T.S. that allowed her to pool the money of friends who invested with her for day trading in Apple stock. Anderson represented to her investors that she made returns of around 10% a year and never had a losing day trading. The investigation discovered that Anderson had actually lost $300,000 trading between 2013 and 2015. Despite these losses, Anderson continued to mislead investors, sending them false account statements that purported to show gains. A search warrant for Anderson’s home was obtained in July 2015. During the search Anderson admitted to lying to investors, telling them she was making money when she was in fact losing. She also admitted to showing investors false earnings on a program she had purchased for her computer. By the time of the search warrant Anderson claimed she only had around $40,000 of the original $1.7 million in investor funds remaining.