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Sean D. Reyes
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Utah Urges Federal Trade Commission to Outlaw Impersonation Scams

SALT LAKE CITY — Utah Attorney General Sean D. Reyes, as part of a bipartisan coalition of 49 attorneys general, has called on the Federal Trade Commission to adopt a national rule to target impersonation scams.  Department of Commerce Executive Director Margaret Busse is in full support of addressing this issue.

A comment letter from the attorneys general raises concerns about the plethora of impersonation scams targeting consumers and the current lack of a national rule to outlaw these fraudulent acts and protect Americans. 

Attorneys general and Utah’s Department of Commerce serve as the front-line defense against impersonation scams, seeing first-hand the pervasive problem these acts create for consumers, small businesses, and charities in their states.

“People are tricked all the time by these schemes, and it’s getting worse every year,” said Attorney General Reyes.  “Partnering with the Division of Consumer Protection, Utah can work with the FTC to sound the alarm on impersonation scams and increase awareness to protect Utahns from being ripped off.”

“Impersonation scams are extremely harmful to our economy because they can effectively destroy consumer trust in the actual business or organization and prevent consumers from future spending,” said Director Busse. “Consumers, businesses, and government need to work together to try and stop impersonators from taking advantage of the trust organizations have built with their consumers.”

As illustrated in the letter, impersonation scams take on many forms:

Impersonation of government entities: Fraudsters claim to be from or affiliated with a government agency to persuade victims of the urgency to provide payment to obtain licensing or certificates in document preparation or regulatory compliance scams. 

In a recent case, the Iowa Attorney General’s office announced a settlement with a company that claimed businesses and charities in the state were required to pay for an “Iowa Certificate of Existence.” The outfit sent official-looking invoices to more than 7,000 Iowa entities. Under the settlement, the company will refund more than $78,000 to 1,200 businesses and charities that paid for the certificates.

Business impersonation: These are scams in which fraudsters claim to be working directly for an actual business or as a third party endorsed by the business. Common examples include tech scams in which the imposters claim they are contacting the victim on behalf of companies such as Microsoft or Apple to assist with a ransomware or technology issue.

The Florida Office of the Attorney General obtained six consent judgments against a variety of companies that engaged in a tech support scam in 2020 and 2021. The imposters posed as reputable companies and either placed telemarketing calls to consumers or created pop-up alerts offering to perform a complimentary computer diagnostic to ensure the computer was secure. The scam is believed to have targeted more than 70,000 consumers nationally. Consent judgments in the cases resulted in the organizations ceasing operations and $7.2 million available to victims who make claims.

Person-to-person deceptions: Grandparent scams, romance scams, and others use personal information to make a connection with victims. Whether claiming a grandchild is in urgent need of money or creating a fake profile to gain the trust of someone on a social media or dating site, these impersonation scams account for thousands of complaints to attorneys general each year.

Though the methods may vary, impersonation scams cause injury to consumers who lose money, drain resources from regulators tasked with protecting the public, and cause confusion and loss of trust in government agencies and services.

The letter says, in part: “There is a pressing need for FTC rulemaking to address the scourge of impersonation scams impacting consumers across the United States. A national rule that encompasses and outlaws such commonly experienced scams discussed [in our letter] would assist attorneys general and their partners in reducing consumer harm, maximizing consumer benefits, and holding bad actors to account.”

A robust national standard outlawing impersonation scams should:

  • Deter bad actors and reduce consumer harm.
  • Provide needed clarity on what conduct constitutes impersonation, since government and business impersonation scams can range from overt pretense to misleading subtlety.
  • Deprive bad actors of the excuse that they were allegedly not aware their activities were illegal in some jurisdictions as opposed to others.
  • Provide more opportunities for the states to collaborate with the FTC on multistate enforcement actions against imposter scammers.
  • Allow states to enforce their own standards, free of any preemption by a federal rule.

The FTC should publish additional consumer and business education materials to help prevent consumers from becoming victims of impersonation fraud. These efforts must serve as a complement to a strong regulation with a robust enforcement scheme, not as an alternative.

“The attorneys general hope to continue working with the FTC and other partners to sound the alarm on impersonation scams,” the letter states. Read the letter here.

AG Reyes was joined by the attorneys general of Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.